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Protocol bij het Verdrag van 1979 betreffende grensoverschrijdende luchtverontreiniging over lange afstand, inzake zware metalen

Geldig van 29 december 2003 tot 9 januari 2014
Geldig van 29 december 2003 tot 9 januari 2014

Protocol bij het Verdrag van 1979 betreffende grensoverschrijdende luchtverontreiniging over lange afstand, inzake zware metalen

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[Tekst geldig vanaf 29-12-2003 tot 09-01-2014]

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on Heavy Metals

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The Parties,

Determined to implement the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution,

Concerned that emissions of certain heavy metals are transported across national boundaries and may cause damage to ecosystems of environmental and economic importance and may have harmful effects on human health,

Considering that combustion and industrial processes are the predominant anthropogenic sources of emissions of heavy metals into the atmosphere,

Acknowledging that heavy metals are natural constituents of the Earth's crust and that many heavy metals in certain forms and appropriate concentrations are essential to life,

Taking into consideration existing scientific and technical data on the emissions, geochemical processes, atmospheric transport and effects on human health and the environment of heavy metals, as well as on abatement techniques and costs,

Aware that techniques and management practices are available to reduce air pollution caused by the emissions of heavy metals,

Recognizing that countries in the region of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) have different economic conditions, and that in certain countries the economies are in transition,

Resolved to take measures to anticipate, prevent or minimize emissions of certain heavy metals and their related compounds, taking into account the application of the precautionary approach, as set forth in principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development,

Reaffirming that States have, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law, the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental and development policies, and the responsibility to ensure that activities within their jurisdiction or control do not cause damage to the environment of other States or of areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction,

Mindful that measures to control emissions of heavy metals would also contribute to the protection of the environment and human health in areas outside the UN/ECE region, including the Arctic and international waters,

Noting that abating the emissions of specific heavy metals may provide additional benefits for the abatement of emissions of other pollutants,

Aware that further and more effective action to control and reduce emissions of certain heavy metals may be needed and that, for example, effects-based studies may provide a basis for further action,

Noting the important contribution of the private and non-governmental sectors to knowledge of the effects associated with heavy metals, available alternatives and abatement techniques, and their role in assisting in the reduction of emissions of heavy metals,

Bearing in mind the activities related to the control of heavy metals at the national level and in international forums,

Have agreed as follows:

Article 1. Definitions

For the purposes of the present Protocol,

  1. “Convention” means the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, adopted in Geneva on 13 November 1979;

  2. “EMEP” means the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe;

  3. “Executive Body” means the Executive Body for the Convention constituted under article 10, paragraph 1, of the Convention;

  4. “Commission” means the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe;

  5. “Parties” means, unless the context otherwise requires, the Parties to the present Protocol;

  6. “Geographical scope of EMEP” means the area defined in article 1, paragraph 4, of the Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on Long-term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP), adopted in Geneva on 28 September 1984;

  7. “Heavy metals” means those metals or, in some cases, metalloids which are stable and have a density greater than 4.5 g/cm3 and their compounds;

  8. “Emission” means a release from a point or diffuse source into the atmosphere;

  9. “Stationary source” means any fixed building, structure, facility, installation, or equipment that emits or may emit a heavy metal listed in annex I directly or indirectly into the atmosphere;

  10. “New stationary source” means any stationary source of which the construction or substantial modification is commenced after the expiry of two years from the date of entry into force of: i) this Protocol; or ii) an amendment to annex I or II, where the stationary source becomes subject to the provisions of this Protocol only by virtue of that amendment. It shall be a matter for the competent national authorities to decide whether a modification is substantial or not, taking into account such factors as the environmental benefits of the modification;

  11. “Major stationary source category” means any stationary source category that is listed in annex II and that contributes at least one per cent to a Party's total emissions from stationary sources of a heavy metal listed in annex I for the reference year specified in accordance with annex I.

Article 2. Objective

Article 3. Basic obligations

Article 4. Exchange of information and technology

Article 5. Strategies, policies, programmes and measures

Article 6. Research, development and monitoring

Article 7. Reporting

Article 8. Calculations

Article 9. Compliance

Article 10. Reviews by the parties at sessions of the executive body

Article 11. Settlement of disputes

Article 12. Annexes

Article 13. Amendments to the protocol

Article 14. Signature

Article 15. Ratification, acceptance, approval and accession

Article 16. Depositary

Article 17. Entry into force

Article 18. Withdrawal

Article 19. Authentic texts

Annex I. Heavy metals referred to in article 3, paragraph 1, and the reference year for the obligation

Annex II. Stationary source categories

I. INTRODUCTION

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Annex III. Best available techniques for controlling emissions of heavy metals and their compounds from the source categories listed in Annex II

I. INTRODUCTION

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II. GENERAL OPTIONS FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS OF HEAVY METALS AND THEIR COMPOUNDS

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III. CONTROL TECHNIQUES

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IV. SECTORS

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IV. SECTORS

Combustion of fossil fuels in utility and industrial boilers (annex II, category 1)

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Primary iron and steel industry (annex II, category 2)

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Secondary iron and steel industry (annex II, category 3)

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Iron foundries (annex II, category 4)

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Primary and secondary non-ferrous metal industry (annex II, categories 5 and 6)

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Cement industry (annex II, category 7)

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Glass industry (annex II, category 8)

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Chlor-alkali industry (annex II, category 9)

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Municipal, medical and hazardous waste incineration (annex II, categories 10 and 11)

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Annex IV. Timescales for the application of limit values and best available techniques to new and existing stationary sources

Annex V. Limit values for controlling emissions from major stationary sources

I. INTRODUCTION

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Annex VI. Product control measures

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Annex VII. Product management measures

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Executive Body decision 1998/1 on the criteria and procedures for adding heavy metals and products to the Protocol on heavy metals

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CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR ADDING HEAVY METALS AND PRODUCTS TO ANNEXES I, VI OR VII TO THE PROTOCOL ON HEAVY METALS

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Protocol bij het Verdrag van 1979 betreffende grensoverschrijdende luchtverontreiniging over lange afstand, inzake zware metalen

Preambule

Artikel 1. Begripsomschrijvingen

Artikel 2. Doel

Artikel 3. Basisverplichtingen

Artikel 4. Uitwisseling van informatie en technologie

Artikel 5. Strategieën, beleidslijnen, programma's en maatregelen

Artikel 6. Onderzoek, ontwikkeling en monitoring

Artikel 7. Verslaglegging

Artikel 8. Berekeningen

Artikel 9. Naleving

Artikel 10. Toetsing door de Partijen op zittingen van het uitvoerend orgaan

Artikel 11. Beslechting van geschillen

Artikel 12. Bijlagen

Artikel 13. Wijzigingen van het Protocol

Artikel 14. Ondertekening

Artikel 15. Bekrachtiging, aanvaarding, goedkeuring en toetreding

Artikel 16. Depositaris

Artikel 17. Inwerkingtreding

Artikel 18. Opzegging

Artikel 19. Authentieke teksten

Bijlage I. In artikel 3, lid 1, bedoelde zware metalen en het referentiejaar voor de verplichting

Bijlage II. Categorieën van stationaire bronnen

I. INLEIDING

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Bijlage III. Beste beschikbare technieken voor de beperking van de emissie van zware metalen en verbindingen daarvan door in Bijlage II vermelde categorieën van bronnen

I. INLEIDING

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II. ALGEMENE OPTIES VOOR DE BEPERKING VAN DE EMISSIE VAN ZWARE METALEN EN VERBINDINGEN DAARVAN

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III. EMISSIEBEPERKENDE TECHNIEKEN

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IV. SECTOREN

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IV. SECTOREN

Het stoken van fossiele brandstoffen in elektriciteitscentrales en industriële ketels (bijlage II, categorie 1)

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Primaire ijzer- en staalindustrie (bijlage II, categorie 2)

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Secundaire ijzer- en staalindustrie (bijlage II, categorie 3)

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IJzergieterijen (bijlage II, categorie 4)

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Primaire en secundaire non-ferro metaalindustrie (bijlage II, categorieën 5 en 6)

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Cementindustrie (bijlage II, categorie 7)

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Glasindustrie (bijlage II, categorie 8)

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Chloor-alkali-industrie (bijlage II, categorie 9)

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Verbranding van stedelijk, medisch en gevaarlijk afval (bijlage II, categorieën 10 en 11)

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Bijlage IV. Tijdschema voor de toepassing van grenswaarde en beste beschikbare technieken op nieuwe en bestaande stationaire bronnen

Bijlage V. Grenswaarden voor de beperking van de emissie door belangrijke stationaire bronnen

I. INLEIDING

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Bijlage VI. Maatregelen inzake productbeheersing

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Bijlage VII. Maatregelen inzake productiebeheer

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Besluit 1998/1 met betrekking tot criteria en procedures voor het toevoegen van zware metalen en producten aan het Protocol inzake zware metalen